CAMPOS E EXCECOES

[texto original]

Pela vista aérea, Zaatari parece uma cidade. Mas é, na verdade, o terceiro maior campo de refugiados no Oriente Médio.

Muitos daqueles forçados a deixar suas casas durante o conflito sírio se refugiaram em países vizinhos, e 80 mil deles estão vivendo agora em uma parte do deserto jordaniano.

Desse total, mais de metade são crianças.

O rei jordaniano Abdullah diz que seu país está em “ponto de ebulição” devido ao fluxo de refugiados.

O monarca disse à BBC que há uma enorme pressão sobre os serviços sociais, infraestrutura e economia da Jordânia.

“Cedo ou tarde, acho que a barragem vai estourar”, alertou, ao mesmo tempo em que pediu mais ajuda internacional para os refugiados em seu país.

A Jordânia acolhe cerca de 1,5 milhão de refugiados, mais que o continente europeu inteiro.

Por isso, a ONU pede quantia de US$ 7,7 bilhões (cerca de R$ 30 bilhões) para financiar as operações de ajuda a 22,5 milhões de pessoas na Síria e em países vizinhos em 2016.

No entanto, em 2015, apenas 43% dos US$ 2,9 bilhões (aproximadamente R$ 12 bilhões) solicitados foram financiados.

Ampliar

Crianças são as maiores vítimas da guerra civil na Síria27 fotos

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Em 21 de agosto de 2013, um ataque químico na Síria deixou 1.429 mortos, incluindo 426 crianças. A ONU confirmou a presença de gás sarin, mas não pode informar se rebeldes ou forças do governo foram responsáveis pelo ataque. A ofensiva foi considerada pela organização o uso mais significativo de armas químicas contra civis desde que Saddam Hussein usou em Halabja em 1988 VEJA MAIS > Imagem: Bassam Khabieh/Reuters
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IMAGENS AEREAS E FICCIONALIZACOES

[texto original]

 

MAPAS

Route Map 2

There have been several attempts to reconstruct the geography of the CIA’s program of extraordinary rendition. I’ve long admired the work of my good friend Trevor Paglen, described in his book with A.C. ThompsonTorture Taxi: on the trail of the CIA’s rendition flights, available in interactive map form through Trevor’s collaboration with the Institute for Applied Autonomy as Terminal Air. (I’ve commented on the project before, here and especially here).

terminal-air

And you can only applaud Trevor’s chutzpah is displaying the results of his work on a public billboard:

paglenemerson-cia-flights-2001-6

The project, which involved the painstaking analysis of countless flight records and endless exchanges with the geeks who track aircraft as a hobby, triggered an installation in which the CIA was reconfigured as a ‘travel agency‘:

Terminal Air travel agency

At the time (2007), Rhizome – which co-sponsored the project – explained:

Terminal Air is an installation that examines the mechanics of extraordinary rendition, a current practice of the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in which suspected terrorists detained in Western countries are transported to so-called “black sites” for interrogation and torture. Based on extensive research, the installation imagines the CIA office through which the program is administered as a sort of travel agency coordinating complex networks of private contractors, leased equipment, and shell companies. Wall-mounted displays track the movements of aircraft involved in extraordinary rendition, while promotional posters identify the private contractors that supply equipment and personnel. Booking agents’ desks feature computers offering interactive animations that enable visitors to monitor air traffic and airport data from around the world, while office telephones provide real-time updates as new flight plans are registered with international aviation authorities. Seemingly-discarded receipts, notes attached to computer monitors, and other ephemera provide additional detail including names of detainees and suspected CIA agents, dates of known renditions, and images of rendition aircraft. Terminal Air was inspired through conversations with researcher and author Trevor Paglen (Torture Taxi: On the Trail of the CIA’s Rendition Flights – Melville House Publishing). Data on the movements of the planes was compiled by Paglen, author Stephen Grey (Ghost Plane: The True Story of the CIA Torture Program – St. Martin’s Press) and an anonymous army of plane-spotting enthusiasts.

There’s a short video documenting the project on Vimeo here and embedded below (though strangely Trevor isn’t mentioned and doesn’t appear in it):

Although Trevor subsequently explained why he tried to ‘stay away from cartography and “mapping” as much as possible’ in his work, preferring instead the ‘view from the ground’, the cartography of all of this matters in so many ways – from the covert complicity of many governments around the world in a global geopolitics of torture through to the toll exerted on the bodies and minds of prisoners as they were endlessly shuffled in hoods and chains over long distances from one black site to another.

And now, thanks to the equally admirable work of the Bureau of Investigative Journalism, it’s possible to take the analysis even further.  Here is Crofton Black and Sam Raphael introducing their project, ‘The boom and bust of the CIA’s secret torture sites‘:

In spring 2003 an unnamed official at CIA headquarters in Langley sat down to compose a memo. It was 18 months after George W Bush had declared war on terror. “We cannot have enough blacksite hosts,” the official wrote. The reference was to one of the most closely guarded secrets of that war – the countries that had agreed to host the CIA’s covert prison sites.

Between 2002 and 2008, at least 119 people disappeared into a worldwide detention network run by the CIA and facilitated by its foreign partners.

Lawyers, journalists and human rights organisations spent the next decade trying to figure out whom the CIA had snatched and where it had put them. A mammoth investigation by the US Senate’s intelligence committee finally named 119 of the prisoners in December 2014. It also offered new insights into how the black site network functioned – and gruesome, graphic accounts of abuses perpetrated within it.

Many of those 119 had never been named before.

The report’s 500-page summary, which contained the CIA official’s 2003 remarks, was only published after months of argument between the Senate committee, the CIA and the White House. It was heavily censored, while the full 6,000-page study it was based on remains secret. All names of countries collaborating with the CIA in its detention and interrogation operations were removed, along with key dates, numbers, names and much other material.

In nine months of research, the Bureau of Investigative Journalism and The Rendition Project have unpicked these redactions to piece together the hidden history of the CIA’s secret sites. This account unveils many of the censored passages in the report summary, drawing on public data sources such as flight records, aviation contracts, court cases, prisoner testimonies, declassified government documents and media and NGO reporting.

Although many published accounts of individual journeys through the black site network exist, this is the first comprehensive portrayal of the system’s inner dynamics from beginning to end.

CIA black sites (BOIJ:REndition Project)

At present the mapping is rudimentary (see the screenshot above), but the database matching prisoners to black sites means that it ought to be possible to construct a more fine-grained representation of the cascade of individual movements.  The Rendition Project has already identified more than 40 rendition circuits involving more than 60 renditions of CIA prisoners: see here and the interactive maps here.

MAPAS DE GUERRA

[texto original]

DESTRUINDO A AFRICA PELO ESPAÇO

[parte 01]

[parte 02]

[parte 03]

[parte 04]

MASSIFICACAO

[texto original]

7 billion people currently inhabit our planet. Each one of these 7 billion people require the basic necessities of life, such as water, food, clothing, and shelter. When we take into account all of the work and materials it takes to provide the population with just the basics – not to mention the billion motor vehicles and 7 billion cell phones, the computers, furniture, skyscrapers, planes, roads, gadgets, and the plethora of other material goods being mass-produced in our world today – the question immediately begs – how are we keeping up?

How are we keeping up with continual mass production, mass consumption, and epidemic population growth? Are we really thinking about the consequences of our actions in the long term? Or are we consciously turning a blind eye to an inevitable and daunting fate for our planet?

Sometimes talking about these issues isn’t enough for people to understand the magnitude of what’s really happening in our world. This notion was the basis for the project, Overdevelopment, Overpopulation, Overshoot (OVER), put together by advocacy group Speak Out.

They’ve managed to compile a set of photographs which tell the story of our current mass consumption situation.

Below are a few of these pictures, along with some others I found around the web. Each picture speaks a thousand words, so take your time. Be sure to check out Speak Out’s full book here.


2a5e2f23-aa20-4cc3-81bf-77fe701ff8cf-2060x1236Photograph: Pablo Lopez Luz

Mexico City, one of the most densely populated cities in the world. It’s frightening to see how this massive urban development has wiped out the greenery for what seems like endless miles. This is probably why air pollution in Mexico City is out of control. 

a536095c-c231-4835-872b-879bce2fcf90-1020x612Slum-dwelling residents of Port-au-Prince, Haiti, face bleak living conditions in the western hemisphere’s poorest country.

“Squatters trade physical safety and public health for a few square meters of land and some security against eviction. They are the pioneer settlers of swamps, floodplains, volcano slopes, unstable hillsides, rubbish mountains, chemical dumps, railroad sidings, and desert fringes… such sites are poverty’s niche in the ecology of the city, and very poor people have little choice but to live with disaster.” Mike Davis

Before it was demolished in 1994, Kowloon Walled City in Hong Kong was considered the densest settlement on earth, with 33,000 people living within the space of one city block.Before it was demolished in 1994, Kowloon Walled City in Hong Kong was considered the densest settlement on earth, with 33,000 people living within the space of one city block.

31bb7a13-c83b-488a-ac48-2f36f568261a-1020x612Photograph: Daniel Beltra

Aerial view of an oil fire following the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil disaster in the Gulf of Mexico. The devastation of these types of disasters is really immeasurable, as oil particles simply continue to disperse and settle across the ocean floor. What will it take for man to see finally see its inefficiencies? With pooled resources and efforts, we have the potential to utilize energy systems with little or no environmental impact on our planet. 

Depleting oil fields are yet another symptom of ecological overshoot as seen at the Kern River Oil Field in California.Depleting oil fields are yet another symptom of ecological overshoot, as seen at the Kern River Oil Field in California.

Photograph: Peter BeltraPhotograph: Peter Beltra

Animal agriculture, as a whole, requires tremendous amounts of resources and is a leader in environmental degradation, responsible for 18 percent of greenhouse gas emissions – more than all transportation combined. Livestock and their byproducts account for at least 32,000 million tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) per year.


Photograph: Brett ColePhotograph: Brett Cole

South City Mall in Kolkata, India. Consumer culture spreads to the global south. “In the developing world, the problem of population is seen less as a matter of human numbers than of western over-consumption. Yet within the development community, the only solution to the problems of the developing world is to export the same unsustainable economic model fueling the overconsumption of the West.” Kavita Ramdas

boxing_day_at_the_toronto_eaton_centreToronto Eaton Center, boxing day.

 We live in a consumer nation. “Stuff” seems to be our generation’s newest mantra, with each person in the U.S. producing an estimated 4.5 pounds of garbage per day. That is twice the amount that was produced 30 years ago. We are bombarded by hundreds to thousands of advertisements per day ($435 billion is spent on advertising worldwide annually,) which is blatantly intended to influence people to continue consuming more and more things. From food to clothing, to cosmetics and automobiles, we just can’t seem to get enough material items to satisfy our ego desires.


c48b9506-9b41-4a2c-a22b-053176b7db52-1020x612Photograph: Garth Lentz

Vancouver Island, British Columbia. While BC is doing their best to reduce the carbon footprint of deforestation, many parts of the world still are not implementing sustainable practices, such as Brazil (seen below).

65e51ebc-0c27-452a-90dc-8074dcd7ed29-1020x612Brazilian rainforest being clear-cut for cattle raising, photograph: Daniel Beltra
Photograph: Daniel DancerIndustrial forestry degrading public lands, Willamette National Forest in Oregon, Photograph: Daniel Dancer

Colonise-destroy-move on, mankind’s disorder. Pinning down exact numbers is nearly impossible, but most experts agree that we are losing upwards of 80,000 acres of tropical rainforest daily, and significantly degrading another 80,000 acres every day on top of that. That’s over 75 million acres every year. Currently, 20% of the Amazon is already destroyed. And for what? Well, it’s mainly for cattle ranching.


4265ed1b-c093-43c8-a6ab-2d1dbd093672-1020x612Photograph: Zak Noyle

There are around 5.25 trillion pieces of plastic debris in the ocean. Of that mass, 269,000 tons float on the surface, while some four billion plastic microfibers per square kilometer litter the deep sea. Scientists are having a difficult time calculating the full extent of damage that plastic debris has on marine ecosystems, pondering the big questions: As it degrades, do plastic toxins seep into the marine environment? If so, how and in what amounts?  What effect do they have on fish or other ocean life that consume them? 

photography: Chris Jordanphotography: Chris Jordan
CF000313 18x24photography: Chris Jordan
CF000911 10x13photography: Chris Jordan

“Midway: Message from the Gyre,”  depicts the fate of albatross chicks on Midway Atoll, in September 2009.


Photography: Chris JordanPhotography: Chris Jordan

“Crushed Cars: Tacoma,” from “Intolerable Beauty: Portraits of American Mass Consumption,” 2004.

Photography: Chris JordanPhotography: Chris Jordan

Open Drums, Seattle 2003.

Photography: Chris JordanPhotography: Chris Jordan

Oil filters, Seattle 2003. 

Photography: Chris JordanPhotography: Chris Jordan

Metal Scraps.

Photography: Chris JordanPhotography: Chris Jordan

Container Yard and Mt. Rainier, Tacoma 2004.

Photography: Chris JordanPhotography: Chris Jordan

Cellphone chargers. 

Photography: Chris JordanPhotography: Chris Jordan

Cellphones.


These pictures speak urgency in many regards. At the very least, they provoke us to look at our personal consumption through a new lens, one that sees the environmental and ecological impact of our daily decisions at large.

FRONTEIRAS

[texto original]

# 1 Moradores de Arizona e Naco jogam voleibol entre os EUA e México

# 2 Eslováquia, Áustria e Hungria

# 3 Noruega e Suécia

# 4 Holanda e na Bélgica

# 5 Polônia e Ucrânia

# 6 Haiti e República Dominicana, distinguidos por suas leis de proteção ambiental radicalmente diferentes

Haiti And The Dominican Republic, Distinguished By Their Radically Different Environmental Protection Laws

# 7 Austrália e o resto do mundo

# 8 Tirolesa liga Espanha a Portugal

# 9 EUA e México

# 10 Motoristas de Macau no lado esquerdo da estrada, a da China Continental à direita.

# 11 Argentina, Brasil e Paraguai

# 12 Bolívia e Brasil

# 13 EUA e México

# 14 Dinamarca e Suécia

# 15 EUA e Canadá

# 16 Egito e Israel

DRONES E O DESENHO DO MUNDO

[texto original]

Bondi Beach

Port Grimaud

Córdoba Olive Trees

Niagra Falls

Stelvio Pass

La Plata, Argentina

Viareggio, Italy

Central Park, NYC
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